До 24 річниці незалежності України Міністерство закордонних справ запускає новий проект: "РОЗКАЖИ СВІТОВІ ПРО УКРАЇНУ"
On the occasion of the 24 anniversary of Independence of Ukraine, MFA is launching a new project "TELL WORLD ABOUT UKRAINE".
1. TERRITORY OF UKRAINE
Territory of Ukraine is 603,628 km². It is the largest country entirely situated in Europe. Ukraine occupies 0.41% of the world land area and nearly 0.85% of the world population lives there. The oldest map and the most ancient settlement of Homo Sapiens were found in Ukraine, in Mezhyrich, Cherkasy region. It is about 14,5-15 thousand years old. The map is engraved on the mammoth bone.
Geographical midpoint of Europe is situated in Ukraine, near the village of Dilove near a small town of Rakhiv.
Currently, the territorial integrity of Ukraine is violated by the aggressor - the Russian Federation. In March 2014, in flagrant violation of all international principles and norms Russia illegally occupied the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. At the moment in Donetsk and Luhansk regions Ukrainian servicemen are fighting again for independence of our state against agressor.
Ukrainians long for peace, but will never stop fighting for the Motherland.
2. UKRAINE IS ONE OF UN FOUNDING MEMBERS
Ukraine is one of the #UN Founding Members. Our representatives were actively involved in the drafting of the UN Charter, which was signed on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco.
Head of the Ukrainian delegation Dmytro Manuilskyi was elected Chairman of the First Committee, which elaborated the Preamble and Chapter 1 (Purposes and Principles) of the UN Charter.
Ukraine was elected a non-permanent member of the Security Council for three times (in 1948-1949, 1984-1985 and 2000-2001). In 1997 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Hennadii Udovenko was elected President of the 52nd UN General Assembly session.
During the elections to be held in October 2015 Ukraine will run for a seat on the UN Security Council for the following two-year term, being the only agreed candidate from the Eastern European Group.
Ukraine has always been a consecutive supporter and protector of the UN principles in international relations. Traditionally, Ukraine attached a great importance to the United Nations peacekeeping efforts. About 600 Ukrainian peacekeepers contributed to the UN operations and missions, making our state the leader by this indicator among the states from Central and Eastern Europe.
Today in Ukraine
The UN plays an important role in supporting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of #Ukraine.
As a reaction to Russian aggression against Ukraine, which started in 2014, UN GA in its resolution No. 68/262 of 27 March 2014 confirmed, by overwhelming majority, Ukraine's territorial integrity in its internationally recognized borders; expressed non-recognition of illegal referendums in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol; called upon all Member States, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any changes to the status of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol as a result of aforementioned so called “referendums” and to refrain from any action or behaviour that might be interpreted as recognition of any change in the status. 100 UN Member States voted in favour of the resolution and only 11 were against.
Because of cynical manipulation by Russia of its veto right, the UN Security Council failed to adopt a resolution on confirmation of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. Russia was the only state, among 15 members of the UN Security Council, openly rejecting it.
A similar situation was observed in all cases when the UN Security Council considered the situation in the East of Ukraine and Russia’s aggressive actions against our state.
Such situation raises once again the need of finding best ways to reform the Security Council in accordance with the current international reality.
At the moment, the only document which the UN Security Council was able to adopt on the issue of the situation in the East of Ukraine is Resolution No. 2202 of 17 February 2015, which endorses the Minsk agreements of 12 February 2015 on peaceful settlement of the crisis in the Donbas. The Russian Federation supported the Resolution, but its further factual refusal from proper implementation of the Minsk agreements once again made Russia isolated beyond the framework of international law.
On 13 July 2015 Ukraine, Australia, Belgium, Malaysia and the Netherlands submitted to the UN Security Council a draft Resolution to establish the International Tribunal on investigation into the crime committed on 17 July 2014 against the civilian plane of the flight MH17. On 29 July 2015 the Resolution was discussed by the UN Security Council but wasn't approved because of the Russian veto.
About the European Union
It is important that all 28 EU Member States voted in support of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine during the consideration of the UN Resolution No. 68/262 of 27 March 2014.
Support by the European Union and its Member States of this Resolution was reconfirmed on a number of occasions, in particular in the Joint Declaration of the Eastern Partnership Summit, held in Riga on 21-22 May 2015, as well as in the Resolutions of the European Parliament.
The EU Member States which are permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council actively and consistently support Ukraine in the context of Russian aggression and exert permanent pressure on Russia to force it to stop violations of international law.
On 17 July 2015 member of the European Parliament sent an open letter to the Heads of State and Government of the #EU Member States to support the initiative of establishing the International Tribunal on investigation into the crime committed on 17 July 2014 against the civilian plane of the flight #MH17.
3. UKRAINE IS A PEACEFUL STATE. IN 1994 UKRAINE RENOUNCED THIRD LARGEST NUCLEAR ARSENAL IN THE WORLD
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and declaration of independence in 1991 Ukraine voluntarily renounced the third largest nuclear weapons stockpile in the world (after the US and Russia).
The Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine of 16 July 1990 incorporated three fundamental non-nuclear principles - non-possession, non-manufacture, and non-introduction of nuclear weapons. It was reaffirmed in the Statement of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine “On Non-Nuclear Status of Ukraine” of 24 October 1991.
On 5 December 1994, Ukraine, the Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and United States of America signed a so-called Budapest Memorandum - Memorandum on Security Assurances in Connection with Ukraine’s Accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The Parties to the Memorandum undertook an obligation to respect sovereignty and existing borders of Ukraine as well as refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine.
Having abandoned the nuclear status, Ukraine demonstrated an example to follow, of a country which voluntarily gave up its nuclear weapons to maintain peace in the world.
The Russian Federation blatantly violated the Budapest Memorandum and its international obligations having unleashed aggression against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine that resulted in the illegal occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and certain areas of Donetsk and Luhansk Regions.
Even more, Russia continues destroying the global order having declared an intention to deploy the nuclear weapons on the Crimean peninsula.
4. UKRAINE IS A EUROPEAN STATE
As it was stated by President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, the Ukrainian people are the Europeans and future of Ukraine is in Europe.
And this is true. Geographically, the territory of Ukraine lies entirely within Europe.
Mentally, the Heaven’s Hundred, Revolution of Dignity and Maidan are attestation of the desire of Ukrainians to live in a family of European nations where universal human rights and fundamental freedoms prevail. Politically, the evidence of which are results of the Presidential and Parliamentary elections, as well as formation of a wide pro-European coalition in the Ukrainian Parliament.
Ukraine, for the first time ever, declared its European aspiration back on 2 July 1993 in the Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine “On Main Directions of Foreign Policy of Ukraine.” Later, on 1 July 2010, policy of Ukraine concerning the development of relations with the European Union was sealed in the Law of Ukraine “On Foundations of Internal and Foreign Policy.”
According to Article 11 of this Law, one of the key elements of Ukrainian foreign policy is «ensuring the integration of Ukraine into the European political, economic and legal area in order to obtain the EU membership».
Due to the success of the Revolution of Dignity the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU was signed on 21 March and on 27 June 2014 in Brussels, which symbolized a transition to building up relations with the EU based on new principles of political association and economic integration.
On 16 September 2014, the Association Agreement was simultaneously ratified by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the European Parliament. The completion of the ratification procedure by the EU Member States is expected by the end of 2015.
During the ceremony of the signing of the Association Agreement, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko stated that Ukraine considered conclusion of the Association Agreement as the next step on the path to the final goal of the European integration – gaining full-fledged membership in the European Union.
5. CITIZENS OF 63 COUNTRIES HAVE VISA-FREE ENTRY TO UKRAINE. WELCOME TO UKRAINE!
Citizens of 63 countries have visa-free entry to Ukraine:
Member States of the European Union, Azerbaijan, Andorra, Argentina, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Vatican, Armenia, Hong Kong (China), Georgia, Israel, Iceland, Kazakhstan, Canada, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Korea, Liechtenstein, Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Russian Federation, San Marino, the Republic of Serbia, USA, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Montenegro, Switzerland and Japan.
Ukrainian citizens enjoy visa-free entry to 28 countries: Azerbaijan, Albania, Argentina, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Armenia, Guatemala, Hong Kong (China), Georgia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Macedonia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Moldova, Panama, Paraguay, Russian Federation, El Salvador, the Republic of Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Montenegro.
Visa-free regime opens the world to Ukraine and Ukraine to the world.
UKRAINE AND EUROPE - FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
On 1 September 2005, after the Orange Revolution, Ukraine abolished visas for the nationals of the European Union as a goodwill gesture and a sign of openness and desire for integration with the EU.
At the Ukraine-EU Summit on 22 November 2010 our country received the Action Plan on Visa Liberalisation. Granting the Action Plan to Ukraine became the transition from abstract discussions to substantive and purposeful work with a clear prospect of introducing visa-free regime for the citizens of Ukraine for short-term travels to the EU.
The document covers four blocks of benchmarks, under which the work is being carried out to create conditions for visa-free regime for the Ukrainian citizens: 1) document security, including biometrics; 2) illegal immigration, including readmission; 3) public order and security; 4) external relations and fundamental rights.
The implementation of the document is carried out in two phases. The first phase envisages adoption of the necessary legislation, the second provides for its implementation.
On 23 June 2014 Ukraine has moved to the second phase of the implementation of the Action Plan.
In December 2015, the European Union is to publish a report on Ukraine's progress in the implementation of the Visa Liberalisation Action Plan.
We are doing our best to receive in the Report recommendation to grant the visa-free regime to Ukraine, which could be introduced in 2016.
6. MAIDAN NEZALEZHNOSTI (INDEPENDENCE SQUARE) – SYMBOL OF DIGNITY, FREEDOM AND EUROPEAN VALUES.
Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square), the central square of Kyiv, nowadays is being clearly associated with the struggle of Ukrainians for democracy, freedom and European choice. It is here that the citizens of Ukraine proved many times to the world that they are a European nation, which is ready to defend European values.
It is here that in 1990 Ukrainian progressive students held mass protests. In 2004 during the Orange Revolution on Independence Square Ukrainians said "no" to election fraud. And finally, it is here that in 2013 began a Revolution of Dignity, perhaps the only time in European history, when the people fought and died for their rights under the EU flag.
In the modern history of Ukraine, the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) became known worldwide for the events of the Orange Revolution and the Revolution of Dignity.
At the end of 2013, when the leadership of the state refused to sign the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU, the Maidan Nezalezhnosti and Khreshchatyk Street became the epicentre of non-violent civil protest, called EuroMaidan, which subsequently covered the whole Ukraine.
7. TRANSPORT IN UKRAINE: THE DEEPEST UNDERGROUND STATION IN THE WORLD, 170 000 KM OF ROADS, 22 000 KM OF RAILWAYS, 18 SEAPORTS
The deepest underground station in the world is "Arsenalna" metro station in Kyiv (105.5 meters). It was built among the first five stations in the capital of Ukraine, close to the Parliament’s building, and opened on 6 November 1960. The station got its name after the nearby large plant Arsenal.
Ukraine’s advantageous geographical position makes it inevitable destination for transit of goods and passengers between Europe, Asia and Middle East. 4 оut of 10 European transport corridors run through the territory of Ukraine.
Country’s transportation infrastructure is made of 170 thousand km of roads, 22 thousand km of railways, over 20 passenger airports, 18 seaports and other transport facilities.
The operating length of the railways in Ukraine is about 22.3 thousand km, 45% of which are electrified. Ukrainian railway system encompasses 1447 stations. By freight transportation volumes, Ukraine’s railway ranks fourth in Europe and Asia.
The total length of roads in Ukraine is nearly 170 thousand km.
The marine industry of Ukraine includes 18 seaports. About 60% of handled freight comes through the three largest of them, i.e. Odesa, Illichivsk and Pivdennyi Seaports.
After the illegal occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Ukrainian government officially closed the seaports of Kerch, Sevastopol, Feodosia, Yalta, Yevpatoria starting from July 15, 2014.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine officially informed all foreign states that entry of vessels under foreign flags to the closed seaports of Ukraine is a violation of international law and entails the responsibility of the shipowners, operators and masters of ships, including the criminal one.
8. UKRAINE IS THE LARGEST NATURAL GAS TRANSIT COUNTRY IN THE WORLD.
Ukrainian gas transportation system transports approximately 40% (2014) of all export deliveries of Russian gas to Europe, which represents 13-15% of total natural gas consumption in European countries.
Ukraine transports Russian natural gas to 18 European countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Germany, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, France, Turkey, Croatia and the Czech Republic.
The gas transportation system includes 39,800 km of pipelines, 74 natural gas compressor stations and 13 underground storage facilities.
Competitive advantages of Ukrainian natural gas transportation system are the following:
- the shortest way for Russian and Central Asian natural gas to reach European natural gas market;
- substantial potential to increase transit capacity with minimal investments.
On 9 April 2015, the Law of Ukraine "On the Natural Gas Market" was adopted. This is the key document that aligns the Ukrainian natural gas market with the norms defined in the EU’s Third Energy Package.
9. ACHIEVEMENTS OF UKRAINIAN AVIATION: WORLD’S LARGEST AIRPLANE АN-225 “MRIYA” AND BIGGEST SERIAL HEAVY LIFTER АN-124-100 “RUSLAN.
Among the outstanding achievements of Ukraine’s aircraft industry is the world’s largest airplane АN-225 “Mriya” (Images 1-3) and the biggest serial heavy lifter in the world АN-124-100 “Ruslan” (Images 4-6).
In 2001, the airplane АN-225 “Mriya” set 214 national and 124 world records by taking on board 253 tons of cargo. Initially, the main task of the AN-225 was transportation of various parts of "Energiya" carrier rocket and "Buran" spaceship.
Besides numerous transportations of the unique cargoes the AN−225 repeatedly participated in humanitarian operations on liquidation of consequences of natural disasters in different countries. During last several years it delivered cargoes to Japan, Haiti and Philippines.
On 11 August 2009, the AN−225 carried the heaviest monocargo in the history of aviation, a generator weighting 174 tons, from Frankfurt (Germany) to Yerevan (Armenia). The total weight of the cargo was 187,6 tons. This transportation was registered in the Guinness Records Book.
Antonov Airlines have performed the most extreme delivery operations in history, such as the delivery of a 175−ton transformer from Linz (Austria) to Houston (USA) and 247 tons of large−size construction equipment from Prague (Czech Republic) to Tashkent (Uzbekistan).
10. UKRAINE IS A LEADING GLOBAL AGRO-EXPORT PLAYER
33% of the world's black-earth soil, favorable climate and geographical location make Ukraine one of the leaders in the world agro-export market:
№ 1 in exports of sunflower oil
№ 2 in exports of grains
№ 3 in exports of corn
№ 4 in exports of barley
№ 6 in exports of wheat
№ 7 in exports of soy beans
№ 8 in exports of poultry
If Ukraine’s grain harvest of 2013 were loaded in railway cars, the length of the train would be equal to the distance between Kyiv and Rio de Janeiro (11,681 km). The harvest of the Ukrainian sunflower oil of 2013 (3,9 mln tons) could fill in 1,560 Olympic swimming pools.
During the first semester of 2015, Ukraine exported 104,000 ton of meat, which is 31% more than in the same period in 2014.
The agricultural sector of #Ukraine covers 41,5 mln hectares, or 70% of the country’s territory. According to the #IMF estimates, the agricultural sector of Ukraine generated up to 10% of GDP in 2014.
11. FIRST FRAME BEEHIVE WAS CREATED IN UKRAINE IN 1814 BY PETRO PROKOPOVYCH. UKRAINE RANKS 1 IN EUROPE AND 3 IN THE WORLD IN PRODUCTION OF HONEY.
The world's first movable frame beehive was created in Ukraine in 1814 by Petro Prokopovych. Nowadays Ukraine ranks first in Europe and third in the world in the production of honey.
Ukraine holds the top place in the world in terms of honey production per capita (1,5 kg), a figure higher by several times compared to the European countries.
In 2014 the number of beehives in Ukraine reached almost 3 million. In 2014 honey production reached 66,5 thousand tons.
In 2014 Ukrainian enterprises exported 36,3 thousand tons of honey in the amount of 93,4 million US dollars.
In 2014 the Ukrainian honey was exported worldwide:
Almost 72% of Ukrainian honey was exported to Europe (26 121,4 tons), in particular 31,6% to Germany (11 472,5 tons), 19,2% to Poland (69 75,6 tons), 5% to Slovakia (1 823 tons), 4,9% to France (1 783,2 tons), 4,3% to Spain (1 563,3 tons) and 2,2% to Italy (798,8 tons).
American direction with 23,2 % of all honey export (8 415,5 tons) was the second largest market for Ukraine: 21,5% was exported to the USA (7 806,6 tons) and 1,7% to Canada (608,7 tons).
12. UKRAINE IS THE RIGHT CHOICE FOR FOREIGN INVESTORS! INVEST IN UKRAINE!
- Ukraine in top-3 by certified IT professionals.
- #3 globally in terms of freelance professionals, behind only US and India.
- IT outsourcing grew nearly 20x over 10 years.
HEALTHCARE & PHARMA
- Fast-growing, crisis-resistant sector with solid growth.
- Import substitution trend as local champions dominate, with 3 Ukrainian companies in top 5.
- High consumption gap vs. regional peers, 15-25% of Hungary and Poland; significant upside potential.
- Energy independence is a national priority.
- Local gas production now > 50% of needs.
-Gas sector reforms create > $12.8 billion opportunity for energy savings.
- Agricultural sector remains one of the most investment attractive and secure for placement of funds in Ukraine. The most promising agricultural sectors to invest in Ukraine are export logistics, processing of oilseeds, projects in the poultry industry and pig farming.
- Current agrarian policy in Ukraine is based on 3 principles: encourage value-added production, promote free competition and get the State out of the way so businesses can excel.
- Within the deregulation of the agrarian sector 14 permits and 6 licenses have been abolished, 50% of regulatory procedures are simplified. The term for issuing of phytosanitary and quarantine certificates reduced from 5 days to 24 hours.
- Over the last year #Ukraine has diversified agricultural exports to Asian, European and African countries. Exports to Asia and Middle East grew by 10%, to the EU by 6%.
- The number of enterprises enjoying the right to export foods of animal origin increased from 448 to 531. 223 Ukrainian agricultural enterprises have the right to export goods to the EU countries.
13. UNIQUE UNDERWATER RIVER DISCOVERED AT THE BOTTOM OF THE BLACK SEA
The British scientists from the University of Leeds discovered a unique underwater river at the bottom of the Black Sea. The length of the underwater river is 37 nautical miles and the breadth – half a mile. The river transfers colossal volumes of water – 22 thousand cubic meters per second. If it were on land, the river would be the sixth largest in the world in terms of the volume of water flowing through it. The undersea river stems from salty water spilling through the Bosphorus Strait from the Mediterranean into the Black Sea, where the water has a lower salt content.
Today in Ukraine
The fishery stocks in Ukraine include the stocks of the Black sea, rivers and other sweet-water natural habitats, as well as artificial fish farms.
In the 1st half of 2015, 19.2 thousand tons of fish were caught in Ukraine's inland fisheries, which is 30% more than in the previous year. In particular, in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, 13.3 thousand tons of fish were caught (growth by 62.7% in comparison to the 1st half of 2014). The overall volumes of fishing in 2015 by the Ukrainian fishing operators reached 35.058 thousand tons.
14. UKRAINE STANDS 4TH AMONG THE MOST EDUCATED NATIONS IN THE WORLD. THE FIRST HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN EASTERN EUROPE WAS FOUNDED IN UKRAINE.
Ukraine stands 4th among the most educated nations in the world. Over 99.7% of Ukrainians are literate.
Ostroh Slavic Greek Latin Academy was the first higher education institution in Ukraine and Eastern Europe. It was founded by Prince Vasyl-Kostiantyn of Ostroh in 1576.
The National University of "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy", one of the oldest education institutions in Eastern Europe, was founded in Kyiv in 1615.
Today in Ukraine
There are 198 universities, 62 academies, 83 institutes, 245 colleges, 97 technical schools, 117 specialized schools and 1 conservatory functioning in Ukraine.
Six Ukrainian universities are listed in the international ranking “QS World University Rankings”, in particular Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”.
Each year Ukraine gives the world about 640,000 graduates, 130,000 of them are engineers and 16,000 are IT specialists.
During 2013/2014 academic year, more than 69,000 foreign students coming from 146 countries in the world were studying in the Ukrainian higher education institutions.
The new Law of Ukraine “On higher education” of 1 July 2014 establishes basic legal, organizational and financial principles of the higher education system in Ukraine. These principles seek to integrate Ukraine’s education sphere into the European higher education area in line with strategic goals of the Bologna process. This law created conditions for strengthening cooperation between state authorities and businesses and higher education institutions on the principles of autonomy of the latter, integration of education with science and industry to prepare competitive human resources for high-tech and innovative development of the country, personal self-fulfilment, meeting demands of the society, labour market and the state for qualified professionals.
- Currently, all over the world, there are 1384 monuments to prominent Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko: 1256 in Ukraine and 128 abroad (in 35 countries).
Ukrainian diplomats recite Taras Shevchenko’s poem "Testament" in 9 languages. https://youtu.be/DMAZkteXA6A
- A world famous Christmas song "Carol of the Bells" was originally written by Ukrainian composer and choirmaster Mykola Leontovych and is based on a Ukrainian folk song "Shedryk".
ThePianoGuys - Carol of the Bells https://youtu.be/e9GtPX6c_kg
- Ukrainian singer Ruslana won the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest with her song "Wild Dances". https://youtu.be/QYqB1eyN8B4.
All over the world are well known artists of Ukrainian origin: one of the greatest male ballet dancers of the 20th century Serhiy Lyfar and actress Milla Jovovich.
Which other outstanding Ukrainians shall the whole world know? What is your opinion?
16. SCIENCE: IN 1950 FIRST SMALL ELECTRONIC COMPUTER CREATED IN KYIV. YEVGEN PATON SUPERVISED DEVELOPMENT OF METHOD OF AUTOMATIC SUBMERGED ARC WELDING. FOUNDERS OF PAYPAL AND WHATSAPP WERE BORN AND RAISED IN UKRAINE.
- In 1950, under the leadership of Academician Serhiy Lebedev, the first in the USSR and on the European continent a small electronic computer "MESM" was created.
- In 1930's, outstanding Ukrainian scientist Yevgen Paton supervised the development of the method of automatic submerged arc welding which significantly increased productivity and quality of engineering.
- Scientific assets of modern Ukraine are quite diverse: from the set of unique telescopes to testing polygons of high voltage lines’ piers and laser stations for satellite monitoring.
- Ukraine has a huge scientific potential. Each year from 10 to 15 thousands of Ukrainian inventions and ideas are being patented.
Founders of such applications as PayPal (Max Levchin) and WhatsApp (Jan Koum) were born and raised in Ukraine.
17. MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE:
Today, a lot of foreign students from all over the world study at Ukrainian medical education institutions, namely at the National Pirogov Memorial Medical University of Vinnytsia, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University and Odessa National Medical University. Nedoncel Lemina Mabedo is from Angola, he studies medicine at the National Pirogov Memorial Medical University of Vinnytsia.
18. UKRAINE HAS A FULL CYCLE OF AEROSPACE HARDWARE ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION. SERHIY KOROLYOV DEVELOPED THE FIRST INTERCONTINENTAL MISSILE, LAUNCHED THE WORLD'S FIRST SATELLITE AND LAUNCHED INTO SPACE YURI GAGARIN. UKRAINIAN ENTERPRISES HOLD LEADING POSITIONS IN INTERNATIONAL SPACE INDUSTRY.
Ukraine is among a few countries of the world which possess a full cycle of aerospace hardware engineering and production. Ukrainian and Ukrainian-born scientists developed the ideas of interplanetary travel and theory of rocket technology.
Serhiy Korolyov is an outstanding Ukrainian scientist, rocket engineer and spacecraft designer. He developed the first intercontinental missile, launched the world's first satellite (Sputnik 1), put into space the first dog and launched into space Yuri Gagarin.
Today in the city of Zhytomyr (Ukraine) in a house, where Serhiy Korolyov was born in 1907, you can visit a unique S.P. Korolyov Museum of Cosmonautics.
The first Ukrainian to fly in space under the Ukrainian flag was Leonid Kadenyuk, from 19 November till 5 December 1997.
Ukrainian enterprises hold leading positions in international space industry. Among the most well-known and recognized scientific and design companies in the world in the field of space technology development are Ukrainian A.M.Makarov Southern Machine-Building Plant and M.K.Yangel State Design Office "Yuzhnoye".
Important achievements of the Ukrainian space engineers: satellites “Sich-1”, "Okean-O", “Micron” and rocket carriers "Zenit-3SL","Dnipro" and "Tsyklon 3".
19. UKRAINIAN BIOSPHERE RESERVES ASKANIA-NOVA, BLACK SEA AND CARPATHIAN ARE UNIQUE AND BREATHTAKING
Ukraine is a party to more than 40 global and regional international environmental conventions.
Ukrainian biosphere reserves Askania-Nova (Kherson region), Black Sea Biosphere Reserve (Kherson and Mykolaiv regions) and Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (Zakarpattia region) are listed into the global network of biosphere reserves by the UNESCO International Coordination Council of the Man and the Biosphere Programme.
Ukraine is implementing a 2020 National Strategy for Environmental Policy to improve environmental situation and safety in the country.
20. ON AUGUST 23, UKRAINE CELEBRATES ITS NATIONAL FLAG DAY.
Colours of the Ukrainian flag are blue and yellow. Under a popular interpretation, the blue colour symbolizes the sky and the yellow one – ears of wheat.
For all Ukrainians National Flag is a symbol of freedom and independence